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Late or missed periods can be caused by a variety of factors, and it’s important to note that occasional irregularities in the menstrual cycle are common and often normal. However, if you consistently experience irregular periods or have concerns about a missed period, this blog is for you.

Understanding the Menstrual Cycle

To comprehend the complexities of missed or delayed periods, it’s essential to grasp the basics of the menstrual cycle. The menstrual cycle, typically lasting 28 days, involves a meticulous interplay of hormones, including estrogen and progesterone. This dance orchestrates the shedding of the uterine lining, resulting in menstruation. Any disruption to this choreography can lead to irregularities in the menstrual cycle.

How Long is It Normal for a Period to Be Late?

The menstrual cycle can vary in length among individuals, and what is considered “normal” can differ. In general, a menstrual cycle is considered regular if it occurs every 21 to 35 days. A normal menstrual cycle is typically 28 days, counting from the first day of one period to the first day of the next.

It’s not uncommon for menstrual cycles to occasionally vary in length due to factors such as stress, changes in weight, travel, illness, or hormonal fluctuations. A cycle can be considered late if it exceeds the usual length for an individual.

If someone consistently experiences irregular cycles, missed periods, or has concerns about the length of their menstrual cycle, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional. Persistent irregularities may be indicative of underlying health issues that require attention and evaluation. Additionally, if there is a possibility of pregnancy and a period is significantly late, taking a pregnancy test or consulting with a healthcare provider is recommended.

Late or missed period

Top 10 Reasons for a Late or Missed Period

Stress and Hormonal Disarray: Stress, the modern-day nemesis, can wreak havoc on the delicate hormonal balance necessary for a regular menstrual cycle. Cortisol, the stress hormone, can interfere with estrogen and progesterone, leading to missed or delayed periods. Incorporating stress-management techniques into your routine can be instrumental in restoring equilibrium.

Hormonal Imbalances and PCOS: 

Hormonal imbalances, often associated with conditions like Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), can be a significant factor. PCOS, characterized by elevated androgen levels, cysts on the ovaries, and irregular periods, requires a nuanced approach. Seeking medical advice is crucial for accurate diagnosis and tailored management.

Excessive Exercise: 

While regular exercise is beneficial, excessive physical activity can tip the hormonal scales. Intense workouts may disrupt the delicate balance of hormones, leading to irregular menstrual cycles. Striking a balance in your exercise routine is essential for maintaining a healthy menstrual cycle.

Nutritional Deficiencies:

A well-balanced diet is the cornerstone of overall health, including menstrual health. Nutritional deficiencies, particularly in iron, vitamin D, and B vitamins, can contribute to irregular periods. Ensuring a diet rich in nutrients supports optimal hormonal function and menstrual regularity.

Birth control:

Initiating or discontinuing birth control can alter your menstrual cycle. Birth control pills, containing estrogen and progestin, prevent ovary egg release. It may take up to 3 months for your cycle to stabilize after stopping the pill. Other contraceptives, like implants or injections, can also cause missed periods.

Chronic diseases:

Conditions like diabetes and celiac disease impact menstrual cycles due to hormonal changes linked to blood sugar fluctuations. Unmanaged diabetes or inflammation from celiac disease can lead to irregular or missed periods. Other chronic conditions such as Cushing syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, and Asherman’s syndrome may also contribute to cycle irregularities.

Low body weight:

Eating disorders like anorexia or bulimia may cause irregular cycles, as excessive weight loss can halt ovulation due to insufficient body fat. Seek treatment for your eating disorder to restore optimal body fat and normalize your menstrual cycle. Extreme exercises, such as marathons, can also contribute to cycle irregularities.


Living with excess body weight can lead to hormonal changes, specifically an overproduction of estrogen, disrupting your menstrual cycle. Address obesity through lifestyle changes like focusing on nutrient-dense foods and exercise, as advised by your doctor.

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI):

POI, or early natural menopause, affects about 1% of women under 40. Surgical removal of ovaries, genetic disorders, or autoimmune conditions can cause POI. If experiencing missed periods at 40 or younger, consult your doctor for POI testing and potential treatment.

Thyroid issues:

An overactive or underactive thyroid disrupts hormone levels and may cause delayed periods. Thyroid problems can usually be managed with medication, restoring your menstrual cycle after treatment. Regular medical monitoring is crucial for maintaining hormonal balance.


Perhaps the most anticipated or feared cause of a missed period is pregnancy. If there’s a possibility of pregnancy, taking a home pregnancy test or consulting a healthcare provider is essential for clarity.

Proactive Steps for Menstrual Health

Self-Care and Stress Management: Prioritizing self-care and stress management is foundational. Incorporate relaxation techniques, such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises, into your routine to mitigate the impact of stress on your menstrual cycle.

Balanced Diet: Nourish your body with a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Adequate hydration is also crucial for overall well-being, including menstrual health.

Regular Exercise: Strike a balance in your exercise routine. Aim for moderate, regular physical activity that supports overall health without putting undue stress on your body.

Regular Health Check-ups: Schedule regular health check-ups, especially if you’re experiencing persistent menstrual irregularities. Early detection and intervention can prevent complications and promote long-term health.

Painful Days During Periods

Experiencing pain during menstruation is a common phenomenon for many individuals. While some discomfort is considered normal, severe pain could indicate an underlying issue. Here are some reasons for painful periods and potential strategies for relief:

  1. Primary Dysmenorrhea: This is the most common type of menstrual cramp and is not associated with other medical conditions. It usually starts 1-2 days before menstruation and may last 2-4 days. Over-the-counter pain relievers, heat therapy, and regular exercise can help alleviate symptoms.
  2. Secondary Dysmenorrhea: This type of pain is usually caused by an underlying reproductive health issue, such as endometriosis or fibroids. If you suspect secondary dysmenorrhea, consult with a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation and appropriate treatment.
  3. Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus. This can cause intense pain during menstruation. Treatment options include pain medications, hormonal therapy, or surgery, depending on the severity.

MOI- A Period Pain Relief Device

Introducing MOI – a revolutionary fusion of TENS and Heating technology, making it India’s premier TENS + Heating Period Pain Relief Device. This innovative device is the first of its kind, providing a wireless, wearable, and on-the-go solution for women seeking 100% drug-free, zero side effects, and skin-friendly relief from menstrual discomfort.

Engineered by UltrcareCare Pro, MOI stands as a testament to empowerment for every unstoppable woman. The distinctive dual action technology, combining TENS and Heat, sets MOI apart from other products in the market, offering swift and efficient relief from period pain. With its wireless design and all-day pelvic comfort, MOI seamlessly integrates into a woman’s routine, providing support during activities like a morning walk or hectic office work.

In contrast to bulky TENS devices primarily used in physical therapy, MOI is specifically crafted for menstrual cramp relief. Its compact and discreet design allows it to be concealed behind clothing, providing a discreet and comfortable experience. The rechargeable battery ensures continuous pain relief by intercepting and blocking pain signals associated with period cramps throughout the day. With MOI, the absence of pain signals translates to a day free from menstrual discomfort, empowering women to face challenges with confidence.


For women in search of a discreet and convenient method to alleviate period pain, MOI emerges as a wireless, wearable device that provides effective relief, making it an optimal selection for comfort on the go.

UltraCare PRO, a prominent and reliable manufacturer and distributor, leads the Indian market in portable physiotherapy equipment. Our physiotherapy devices undergo rigorous testing, receive clinical endorsements, and carry certifications, assuring their ability to naturally and efficiently address diverse types of pain without causing any adverse side effects.