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Types of Period Pain

More than half of women who menstruate have some pain for 1 to 2 days each month. Usually, the pain is mild. But for some women, the pain is so severe that it keeps them from doing their normal activities for several days a month.

For many individuals with menstrual cycles, periods can be accompanied by discomfort and pain. While some may experience mild cramps, others endure excruciating agony that interferes with daily activities. Understanding the types of period pain and exploring effective relief methods is crucial to helping individuals manage their menstrual discomfort and improve their overall well-being. In this blog, we will delve into the different types of period pain and provide practical tips for finding relief.

Common Types of Period Pain

Understanding the different types of period pain can help individuals identify the underlying causes and find appropriate relief methods. There are two main types of period pain: primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea.

Primary Dysmenorrhea:

Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common type of period pain and occurs without any underlying medical conditions. It typically begins during adolescence or young adulthood and tends to improve with age or after childbirth. The pain is caused by an excess of prostaglandins, hormone-like substances that play a role in uterine contractions and inflammation. During menstruation, the uterus contracts to expel its lining, and higher levels of prostaglandins can lead to more intense and painful contractions. Symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea include:

  • Cramping pain in the lower abdomen: The pain may feel like a dull ache or a sharp, stabbing sensation.
  • Lower back pain: Some individuals may experience pain radiating to the lower back.
  • Thigh pain: Discomfort can extend to the thighs.
  • Nausea and vomiting (in severe cases): The increased production of prostaglandins can affect the digestive system, leading to these symptoms.
  • Headache and fatigue: Some individuals may also experience headaches and fatigue during their period.

Relief Tips for Primary Dysmenorrhea:

Over-the-counter pain relievers: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen can help reduce inflammation and relieve pain. It is essential to follow the recommended dosage and consult a healthcare professional if needed.

Heat therapy: Applying a heating pad or a warm water bottle to the abdomen can help relax the uterine muscles and alleviate cramps.

Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity throughout the menstrual cycle can reduce the severity of cramps and improve overall well-being.

Dietary adjustments: Consuming a balanced diet and avoiding excessive caffeine, alcohol, and salty foods may help manage symptoms.

Secondary Dysmenorrhea:

Secondary dysmenorrhea is characterized by period pain caused by an underlying medical condition. Unlike primary dysmenorrhea, which tends to develop early in life, secondary dysmenorrhea can appear later and often worsens over time. Some of the conditions associated with secondary dysmenorrhea include:

  • Endometriosis: A condition where tissue similar to the uterine lining grows outside the uterus, leading to painful adhesions and inflammation.
  • Adenomyosis: A disorder that causes painful, lengthy periods by causing the uterine lining to expand into the uterus’s muscular wall.
  • Fibroids: Noncancerous growths in the uterine wall that can cause increased menstrual pain and heavy bleeding.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): An infection of the reproductive organs, which can lead to pelvic pain and painful periods.
  • Ovarian cysts: Fluid-filled sacs on the ovaries that can cause pain during menstruation if they rupture or twist.

Relief Tips for Secondary Dysmenorrhea:

Medical evaluation: If individuals suspect they have secondary dysmenorrhea, they should seek medical evaluation and appropriate treatment. Treatment may involve addressing the underlying condition with medications, hormonal therapies, or, in severe cases, surgery.

Pain management: Similar to primary dysmenorrhea, over-the-counter pain relievers and heat therapy can provide relief from menstrual discomfort.

Hormonal contraceptives: Some individuals find relief from secondary dysmenorrhea by using hormonal contraceptives, such as birth control pills or intrauterine devices (IUDs).

Natural Methods to Relieve Period Pain

types of period pain

Relieving period pain using natural methods can be a gentle and effective way to manage menstrual discomfort without relying solely on medications. Here are some natural methods that may help alleviate period pain:

Heat Therapy: Applying heat to the lower abdomen can help relax the uterine muscles and reduce cramps. You can use a heating pad, warm water bottle, or take a warm bath to soothe the pain. Heat therapy also improves blood flow to the area, which can ease discomfort.

Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity throughout the menstrual cycle can reduce the severity of period pain. Exercise helps to enhance blood circulation, which helps to promote improved uterine health by releasing endorphins, which are natural painkillers.

Relaxation Techniques: Stress can exacerbate period pain, so practicing relaxation techniques like deep breathing, meditation, or yoga can be beneficial. These activities can help reduce tension and promote relaxation, easing both physical and emotional discomfort.

Dietary Adjustments: Certain dietary changes may help manage period pain. Increase your intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, and reduce consumption of processed foods, caffeine, and sugary items. Additionally, including foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids (e.g., fatty fish, chia seeds, flaxseeds) can have anti-inflammatory properties and may help alleviate menstrual pain.

Herbal Teas: Some herbal teas have properties that can ease period pain. Chamomile, ginger, and peppermint teas are known for their soothing effects and can help relieve cramps and bloating.

Magnesium Supplements: Magnesium is a mineral that plays a role in muscle relaxation and can potentially reduce menstrual cramps. Consult with a healthcare professional before starting any supplements to determine the appropriate dosage.

Essential Oils: Certain essential oils, such as lavender and clary sage, have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Dilute a few drops in a carrier oil, such as coconut or almond oil, and gently massage onto the lower abdomen for relief.

Acupressure: Applying gentle pressure to specific acupressure points may help alleviate menstrual pain. A popular point for relieving period pain is located on the inside of the ankle, about four finger-widths above the ankle bone.

Adequate Hydration: Staying hydrated is essential for overall health, and it may also help reduce bloating and water retention associated with menstruation.

Rest and Sleep: Proper rest and sufficient sleep are essential for your body’s natural healing processes. Make sure to prioritize rest during your period to aid in pain relief.

MOI- An Instant Period Pain Relief Device

MOI – the innovative solution with dual action technology (TENS + Heat) that sets it apart from other products in the market, providing fast and effective relief from period pain. With its wireless design and all-day pelvic comfort, MOI offers the convenience of wearing a watch, allowing women to tackle their daily activities effortlessly. Whether it’s a refreshing morning walk or a busy day at the office, MOI’s discreet design seamlessly supports women, empowering them to conquer all challenges with ease.

Period pain relief machine

How MOI Works?

The benefit of MOI is that it combines TENS and heat therapy into one gadget. TENS uses a calming electric pulse to stimulate nerve cells that prevent pain signals from reaching the body. When used with an integrated heating pad, this enhances blood flow while relaxing abdominal muscles and uterine contractions. 

TENS also encourages endorphin release, which is a natural analgesic that lessens period discomfort and improves mood.


MOI is a safe and drug-free solution for menstrual cramps, with no chemicals or side effects. It’s a perfect alternative to painkillers, without disrupting your cycle or hormones. It’s suitable for women above 15 years who experience period pain. MOI is made of gentle silicone to prevent skin irritation, and its Electrode Pad has a non-sticky mild adhesive gel. With MOI, experiencing pain during periods may soon become a thing of the past.

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