After the deadly heat of summer, the freshness of monsoon is what we all quench for, and when it strikes, there is no limit to our happiness. But, with the change of the season, comes an array of annoying monsoon diseases that appear to be normal at first but can even bring us down if taken lightly.
Colourful umbrellas, water puddles, tempting snacks, though monsoon is a refreshing season, our immune system weakens due to the humid climate and unhygienic conditions of the rainy season making our body prone to catching various diseases. Well, there is nothing much to worry as there are preventive measures for such seasonal diseases, taking which, you can stay safe and enjoy a Happy Monsoon! So, first let’s take a glance at the list of monsoon diseases and then peek into the healthcare tips to avoid any diseases during monsoon.
Influenza (Cold and Flu):
One of the most commonly occurring and highly contagious disease during the pour is the common cold. The fluctuating temperature makes the body susceptible to bacterial and viral attack. Runny or stuffy nose, body ache, throat irritation and soreness and fever are the symptoms which must be treated as soon as they start appearing.
Prevention Tip: Consume a healthy, balanced and nutritious diet regularly or before the onset of monsoon to prepare your body to fight such seasonal diseases.
Malaria: Where there is water, there are mosquitoes. Clogged water is the breeding spot for mosquitoes and they can spread malaria in no time. Fever, body ache, chills, and sweating, if any of these symptoms appear at regular intervals, get it treated as soon as possible or else can lead to complications.
Dengue: Another deadly disease the tiny black and white striped mosquitoes can cause is Dengue. They are the carriers of the dengue virus and their bite can result in severe joint and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, headache, fever, exhaustion, and rash.
Prevention Tip: Wear fully-covered clothes to protect yourself from mosquito bites. Apply anti-repellent mosquito creams or use electronic mosquito repellent devices or mosquito nets at home. Clean the waterlogged areas to prevent the breeding.
Stomach infections, irregular bowel movements, are common during monsoon due to the unhygienic conditions of the rainy season. Even the water gets contaminated easily, consumption of which can cause acute, as well as chronic diarrhea.
Prevention Tip: Wash your hands thoroughly after using the bathroom. Avoid outside foods. Drink boiled water and stay hydrated.
Yellow fever is yet another deadly and most common monsoon disease caused by hyperbilirubinemia (an excess of bilirubin in the blood). Its signs and symptoms include vomiting, yellow eyes, yellow urine, weak body, liver dysfunction and many others.
Prevention Tip: Consume well-balanced and hygienic food. Drink lots of boiled water and stay hydrated.
A water-borne infection, caused by many strains of bacteria called Vibrio cholera, spreads during monsoon due to the poor hygienic conditions. It causes severe diarrhea with watery stools, vomiting, muscle cramps etc.
Prevention Tip: Get a vaccination as it lasts secures you for almost six months. Maintain better sanitation. Eat home cooked food and drink boiled water. Stay away from dairy foods including ice cream, which is often contaminated and unpasteurized milk. Consume oral rehydration salts (ORS) as diarrhea can cause extreme dehydration and it is necessary to replace the lost fluids in your body.