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Human body as we all know has got 3 primary joints; Knee, shoulder and back. However, what all of us don’t know is their mechanism, which often leads to damage and diseases. So today, let us learn about their functionality.

Knees

The largest and one of the most complicated joints in the human body, the Knee, joints the thigh with the leg. It has got 3 main components mainly kneecap, patellar groove and the medial and lateral tibiofemoral articulations. All of its components work in synergy to ease our horizontal and vertical body movements. Besides, there is another important factor, the cartilage. It is a thin tissue that bears the pressure of body movements and keeps the joints healthy. The common knee problems that people have is of sprains and strains that affect the knee cap. Minor accidents are often the reasons for the same. Tearing of ligaments, fractures and kneecap dislocation are also connected to kneecap. Another major knee problem includes arthritis. When the cartilage gets damaged, bones get rubbed against each other and that causes the disease. Poor eating habits, unattended injuries, sedentary lifestyle can be counted as the major causes here. So all in all to keep your joint healthy, eat right and exercise well.

Shoulders

One of the most mobile and flexible joint of our body, the shoulder joint is the socket joint of our body. It joints our shoulder blade and upper arm bone. Due to the high flexibility of the movements, many people suffer from shoulder pain. At times, there is a tissue break down and shoulders stop moving. Shoulder dislocation, frozen shoulder, osteoarthritis are considered as major shoulder troubles. Apart from that, wrong postures, odd sleeping positions and jerks causes temporary muscle pain. Ice pack massage, regular stretching and nutritious food along with taking care postures can keep shoulder pain at bay.

Back

lumbar-spine-close-up-copy

The back joint, is one of the most common trouble maker for maximum people. In fact, 9 out of 10 people suffer from back pain. Cervical (neck), thoracic (middle back), lumbar (lower back), sacral spine (tailbone) frame our back. In most of the cases, back pain is acute or semi-acute. Major accidents, herniated disks and stenosis or surgeries gone wrong lead to chronic pains. It is also a leading cause of disability. Studies have proved that obesity, lack of exercise and sedentary lifestyle can increase the risk of back pain. Smoking is again one of the causes of back pain. Post pregnancy pain if left unattended can also lead to major issues. In fact, stress also is considered as a major reason of back pain.

Joints are vulnerable and require regular care. Eat healthy food, work out regularly, and do not take any injury for granted. In case of pain, consult a doctor and you can always rely on physiotherapy for natural and drug-free relief.