The intensity and consequences of sports injuries vary from person to person. However, the causes remain to be over training, improper conditioning, wrong technique or sudden jerks or movements. Apart from that, absence of warm up routine is also a leading cause of sports injury. Here’s a list of common sports injuries and quick solutions to get relief from the same.
- Strain and Sprain
Strain and sprain are two of the most common sports injuries. A strain is experienced when a muscle or a tendon is torn. Usually, a strain occurs in the back or in the thigh. While a sprain on the other hand is a condition involving, stretching or tearing of a ligament. Ankles experience sprains usually. Minor strains and sprains can be cured at home itself through cold therapy and regulated rests. In case of extreme pain, one can opt for Physiotherapy.
- Tennis Elbow
Tennis elbow as the name suggests occurs due to overuse of a particular elbow. Racket games generally carry this threat. Excessive use of an elbow leads to the inflammation of the tendons due to tears which in turn irritates them. It causes pain and also affects the grip of the player. Usually players opt for good rest or brace to be worn to put off the pressure. At times, stretching and strengthening exercises also help.
Being hit by a ball or a dramatic fall over the head can lead to a traumatic brain injury or a concussion. It affects the functioning of the brain and can lead to headaches, lack of focus and coordination. The blow to the head can cause loss of consciousness as well. Proper rest and medications work as solutions.
- Runners knee
When tendons or the soft tissues surrounding the knee get irritated, runner’s knee is experienced by an athlete. Overuse or dislocation of the knee cap can also cause this trouble. It causes severe pain and can even lead to cracking or popping in the knee. Ice therapy can help to reduce inflammation and good rest can ease the pain. Electrotherapy can also be useful in case of chronic pain.
- Shoulder injuries
Shoulder dislocation and misalignment of the ligaments are common injuries amongst sports persons. Sudden leaps, ill-calculated movements, or poor flexibility can lead to these situations. Usually the pain starts with minor aching and then shoots up. However, electrotherapy is the best treatment to cure both chronic and acute pain.
- Stress fracture
Each and every physical activity an individual makes has one or other impact on the respected muscle and bone. If a person continues to play despite having an injury, then the minor crack or the inflammation can lead to a fracture. In case of unavoidable circumstances, one shall put on specified shoes or brace in order to reduce the impact of the stress.
- Do not start the game without warming up
- A cool down session post the game can also be helpful
- Do not play while being injured
- Get natural pain relief advance devices.